Strengthening Disaster Preparedness through the Establishment of a Provincial Logistics Cluster in Indonesia
Indonesia is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, regularly experiencing volcanic eruptions, droughts, floods, landslides and earthquakes. The Government’s National Medium-Term Development Plan, 2015-2019, emphasizes disaster management as part of the 7th priority – Economic Self Reliance – and mainstreams it in other chapters to reduce disaster risk. This is the first time the Government’s Development Plan has stressed the importance of preparedness in the disaster management cycle.
WFP Indonesia has been partnering with the National Disaster Management Organization (Badan Nasional Penganggulangan Bencana or BNPB) to develop a capacity-development strategy to enhance the speed, appropriateness and efficacy of disaster response at national and provincial levels.
This strategy will link WFP’s operational expertise with the government’s planning for emergency scenarios. It helps to identify and address gaps in the national or provincial capacity through joint work plans. BNPB has identified two priority scenarios as the basis for its emergency preparedness collaboration with WFP: (i) a tsunami affecting the Padang region in West Sumatra, and (ii) a large-scale earthquake in the Yogyakarta Province.
DFID funding supported an emergency preparedness activity related to the West Sumatra scenario. An in-depth Logistics Capacity Assessment (LCA) was conducted with key partners, including government departments, NGOs, the military and academia. The LCA covered multiple locations across Sumatra Island that could be used for emergency response, including storage facilities, air and seaport infrastructure and logistics service providers.
Technical findings from the assessment and bilateral consultations were integrated into an Emergency Logistics Response Plan (ELRP). This plan is used to determine the Concept of Operations (CONOPS), which defines the supply chain systems and infrastructure for logistics operations that national and international agencies require to respond to large scale (Level 3) scenarios.
LCA mission in Sibolga, North Sumatra
At the same time, WFP organized a workshop to establish a Provincial Logistics Cluster (PLC), attended by all the possible stakeholders in a West Sumatra emergency logistics response. The workshop involved technical training sessions on humanitarian logistics and a full day emergency response simulation exercise.
PLC Workshop Session in Padang
The PLC’s Emergency Preparedness Work Plan and Terms of Reference were agreed on to ensure the sustainability of the project, currently seeking integration in the Provincial Government legislation. Once endorsed, the PLC will have the legal basis and sustainable funds necessary to implement its activities.
The West Sumatra and Yogyakarta PLCs are examples of success stories in regard to disaster preparedness coordination and partnership. WFP and Mercy Corps will be replicating this process in the other provinces that have asked for similar arrangements.